Technology

Ruby on Rails vs. Django: The Backend Framework Comparison

Ruby on Rails and the Django web framework are two popular choices for building dynamic and high-quality applications. Among the countless frameworks available for software solutions, Ruby on Rails software development and Django application development lead the way because of their versatility and diverse coding capabilities.

Ruby on Rails is the framework based on the programming language Ruby. The simplicity of Ruby and Rails enables developers to create applications with ease. It is also known for its rapid app development capabilities – developers save anywhere around 25% to 40% of the time in development. That’s why some call it “the startup technology” as well. 

Django development solutions are really dynamic in nature. Based on the #1 programming language in the world, Python, Django is perfect for prototyping, complex coding, and building advanced applications. Today, several companies use custom django development services for their enterprise applications, data-based solutions, and extended reality apps.

But what makes these two frameworks different? Both Rails and Django are preferred by companies based on the project complexities. Enterprises hire Ruby on Rails developers when they need an MVP within a couple of weeks – but Django can also achieve that. So what separates one from the other? 

Checkout Top 12 Website Examples Built with Ruby on Rails

This article is a clear, fact-based comparison of Ruby on Rails vs. Django. It will highlight the top features that distinguish them both, when developers should use either one, and companies that use these frameworks. Let’s have a look at it in detail.

Ruby on Rails vs. Django for backend: A detailed comparison

First of all – the similarities are essential. Both the frameworks are object-oriented frameworks, open-source, and have easy-to-understand code. Ruby and Python are both interesting languages – almost like twins. They have a simple syntax – similar to that of the English language. Therefore, developers can work easily on complex projects without getting lost in translation.

Here’s a detailed comparison of both the web frameworks on different parameters: 

  1. Efficiency
    Ruby on Rails rapid application development has been known around in developer circles for years. It is perfect for building MVPs that have a quick release date. Enterprises use the framework for quickly developing apps and gaining a competitive advantage. Rails is much faster because of the simple IDE configurations.

    On the other hand, Django is joining the ranks of Rails for rapid prototyping. There’s a lot of code involved in creating enterprise apps, but Django handles it with ease. Since there are complex codes involved in such apps, the time taken to complete the project is slightly more.

  2. Language
    At the core of Ruby on Rails is the amazing programming language, Ruby. Developers admire Ruby because it is so simple and yet so powerful. Ruby doesn’t even take a lot of time to learn. It has an easy learning curve, and Ruby on Rails software development is much lighter due to the programming language.

    Django is based on Python, a programming language that is currently the best in the world. There are more Python developers in the world than any other technology. The programming language has its ups and downs and is still in its growth stage – however, changes are rapidly made as the technology progresses.

  3. Environment
    Ruby on Rails works on the principles of “Don’t Repeat Yourself” and “Convention Over Configuration.” It enables developers to quickly set up a development environment and start working. The predefined IDE is perfect for Ruby on Rails web development, which essentially increases the speed of development. RubyGems are the plugins that simplify development by providing functionality for each and every feature without writing code from scratch.

    On the other hand, Django works on the “Batteries Included” principle. Developers can configure the framework on-the-go – make modifications in the environment as needed according to the project. There’s everything that developers would need for building dynamic apps – from built-in testing support to countless plugins.

  4. Community
    Ruby on Rails application development has an active community with over 4000 contributors on GitHub. The members constantly update the framework, keeping it relevant even after 15+ years since inception. Rails 7.0 is the latest entrant in the series, adding new features to the development process. There is enough documentation in the community to help beginners with everything.

    Django currently has a community of 2000+ contributors on GitHub, and the community is growing rapidly. Today, Python, the language Django uses, has the biggest programmers community in the world, and the advancements are getting much faster than ever before. Django people are continuously experimenting and finding new ways to work with the framework.

  5. Versatility 
    One of the biggest reasons enterprises prefer Ruby on Rails is because it is highly versatile. Companies in the FinTech, HealthTech, Logistics, Travel, Entertainment, and several other industries find uses in the framework. Ecommerce is one of the dominating industries using Ruby on Rails. Platforms like Spree Commerce simplify ecommerce development for Rails. Also, the ready-to-use ecommerce platform, Shopify, also uses Ruby on Rails in its technology stack.

    Django is a modern web development framework. It has found use cases where Ruby on Rails might not be able to reach currently. Scientific computing, numerical computation, statistical analysis, and other progressive applications use Django because it has the capabilities to work with Machine Learning and Deep Learning algorithms. Therefore, companies in the AI industry and those looking to implement AI often hire a Django web development company for modern solutions.

Ruby on Rails and Django both have found their way in large enterprises as well. However, when it comes to implementation, Django is way ahead of Rails.

The top companies that use Ruby on Rails include – Shopify, Basecamp, GitHub, Airbnb, Crunchbase, Fiverr, Dribble, among several others.

Django is used by companies like Spotify, Instagram, Pinterest, Disqus, Mozilla, Bitbucket, among multiple others.

Read more: Pros and Cons of Ruby on Rails for Web Development

Wrapping Up

Ruby on Rail software development is still relevant in 2021, even though Python and Django are slowly eating up the entire technology stack for enterprises. However, choosing the framework depends upon the complexity and the type of project. Startups can still benefit from Ruby on Rails and make solid applications, while those in the modern tech industry would prefer Django.

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