Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi praised healthcare workers and scientists for helping India fight Covid-19 as the country celebrated 75 years of independence.
Mr Modi also paid tributes to those who died of the virus, saying “the pain of losing them will stay with us forever”.
He added that the country fought the virus “with extraordinary pace”.
But his government faced criticism when India’s second Covid wave ravaged many towns and cities in April and May.
The second wave left millions of people infected and overwhelmed the country’s fragile healthcare system to the point of collapse.
People died gasping for breath as hospitals ran out of beds and oxygen – leaving distraught family members pleading for help on social media. Even crematoriums in some cities ran out of space.
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image captionIndian doctors worked in extremely difficult condition in April and May
Daily case counts have since fallen sharply from a high of 400,000 at the peak of the crisis to around 30,000 to 40,000. But there is a looming fear of a third wave as millions of Indians are still vulnerable.
In his speech from Delhi’s historic Red Fort complex on Sunday, Mr Modi also praised India’s vaccination programme, saying more than 500 million people in India had received at least one dose.
However, only 12% of the population has been fully vaccinated in India, data shows.
The government aims to vaccinate all adults by the end of this year, but the drive has been hobbled by slow pace, shortage of doses and vaccine hesitancy.
Apart from focusing on Covid, Mr Modi spoke about India’s historic performance at the Tokyo Games, the country’s development goals, the economy and climate change.
Here are the key takeaways from his speech:
Glory in Tokyo
Mr Modi started this year’s ceremony by honouring India’s Olympics contingent.
India recorded its best-ever showing at Tokyo this year by winning seven medals – one gold, two silver and three bronze – surpassing the six it won in London in 2012. Many of the medal winners were invited as special guests at the ceremony on Sunday.
“These players have not just won all our hearts but have set an example for future generations,” Mr Modi said.
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image captionNeeraj Chopra won the country’s first-ever athletics gold in javelin throw
Mr Modi also spoke about his vision for India’s development, saying the next 25 years will mark the country’s growth story.
He talked about boosting manufacturing and exports, encouraging home-grown industries and promoting innovation. For this, the prime minister said, the government would launch an infrastructure plan worth $13.5m (£9.7m).
The aim is to ensure that the benefits of the economy should trickle down to every village and town in India,