You may have heard about heart transplants in patients with severe heart diseases. Medical science has evolved much in the modern era, and now we can have medical procedures performed without any serious complications. Even though the heart transplant is a serious surgery, complications are getting low with the new technology and medications.
There are millions of patients suffering from heart complications. But, not all are considered eligible for a heart transplant. There are special requirements and strict monitoring of the patients to understand if they are eligible for the transplant. Also, it’s essential to understand the eligibility and the procedure to perform heart transplants.
Who is Eligible for a Heart Transplant?
As heart donations are scarce, it’s not possible to cater to everyone’s needs. So, the doctors have to carefully assess the patients with active heart conditions, the complexity of the same, and the person’s age and immune response. After understanding all the things, the doctors can mark that person eligible for the heart transplant. Usually, people with Congenital heart diseases, holes in the heart, valve failure at a young age are considered eligible. Also, older people with a strong immune system, healthy lifestyle, and positive attitude towards life are eligible for heart transplants. Although these are rough estimates, the doctors will determine the eligibility on these parameters.
The procedure of The Heart Transplant
The procedure of heart transplant is pretty critical and time-consuming. At first, the doctors performing the transplant have to visit the Donor and check the heart. The Donor is the person who has severe head trauma and is declared brain dead. But the heart is functioning fine, and the relatives have consented to donate the heart. After that, the doctors will remove the heart from the Donor’s body and store it in the icebox.
The shelf life of the heart is usually six hours, so the heart has to be transplanted within the timeframe. So, the stored heart is flown to the destination hospital. If both the patients are in the same hospital, then the procedure is quite easy.
After that, the receiver is prepared for the transplant, and the surgical procedure is completed within a few hours. The process is pretty long and will take more than a few hours to complete. Once done, the patient is kept on monitoring for the rejection or acceptance of the transplanted heart by the body. Within one or two weeks, the patient is discharged from the hospital and can resume his day-to-day life.
What are the Complications?
In such cases of Heart Transplant, the first and the major risk is organ rejection. The patient’s body can reject the organ, and that is pretty catastrophic. So, the doctors have to closely monitor the patient and prevent organ rejection and failure. That’s why Immunosuppressant medication is prescribed, which reduces the chance of organ rejection.
It’s pretty important to understand the severity and complexity of heart transplant surgery. In this post, we tried to share the core aspects of Heart transplants. It all depends on the cardiologist to determine whether the patient can receive heart donation and perform the surgery.
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